Category: Concrete Driveways

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A Step by Step Approach to Creating Concrete Driveways

A common site on properties in Australia is a concrete driveway on which you can drive up to front porches or to garages. Concreting a driveway is a project that can be undertaken by homeowners who are proud of their DIY skills. Building a concrete driveway requires certain factors to be taken into account and the right steps to be followed. Click here for more detail about driveway/sidewalk.

A Step by Step Approach to Creating Concrete Driveways

You need to choose the right concrete that can cope with all the weight and movement of vehicles that will use your driveway. You can get this concrete of the right grade from ready-mix companies once you tell them of the use you will be making of the concrete driveway. They will also be of help in calculating the required amount of concrete once you tell them the length, width, and depth of your proposed driveway.

A Step by Step Approach to Creating Concrete Driveways

When you are wanting to install a driveway, you need to prepare the ground on which the driveway is to be laid. Remove the top layer of soil and dig it down to at least 10 cm which is the minimum suggested thickness of a concrete driveway. If the soil is poor, you may need to dig down deeper and then fill up the extra depth again with gravel that must be rolled and consolidated. It can also help to saturate the dug up area with weedkiller, to prevent any growth in the future. See that the final layer of gravel or soil is properly compacted with plate compactors or mini rollers that you can easily hire out. Make sure that your final top level of the concrete will allow the driveway to drain easily and not allow ponding of water. In case this is likely, you may need to find ways to drain the water from the rain or washing.
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A Step by Step Approach to Creating Concrete Driveways

You then need to create a formwork along the sides of the driveway to retain the concrete that will be laid, so that it is supported until it sets and gains its own rigidity. You can use wood or even bricks for such formwork. Place your order for the ready-mix concrete and ask for a schedule. Once you know when the concrete is arriving, it can help to wet down the prepared soil or gravel surface. The concrete supplier will lay down pipes that enable the full length of the driveway to be supplied with concrete. The poured concrete must be leveled to the height of the formwork you have in place, and this leveling must be done before the concrete sets. You can have the sort of finish you desire. Driveway surfaces must provide some traction to the tires of your vehicles, and must not be too smooth.

Protect the surface of the driveway with a polythene sheet after it has set reasonably and then flood the sheet with water to help in curing the concrete. This curing must be continued for at least a week, or to a period as suggested by the concrete supplier. The temporary formwork can then be removed and the sides backfilled with earth. You can start using the driveway once it has been properly cured.…

A Beginner’s Guide On How To Pour A Concrete Driveway In Sections

People pour a concrete driveway in sections for several reasons, but there are two primary approaches. The first reason is that driveways more than 20 feet long are more efficiently created using sections. The second is if the surface will crown by being higher in the center and on the side closer to the house foundation. To complete a section pouring, it is important to follow a certain procedure which will be detailed in this article.

What Do I Need To Pour A Concrete Driveway In Sections?

To ensure the concrete driveway is poured in sections correctly, you will require specific tools and resources. The tools include the following:

• an electric table saw
• a bull float
• trowels
• used motor oil
• a nylon brush bristle
• groove cutters to make expansion and control joints
• a 4-inch wide paintbrush
• 10-feet long reinforcing bars
• 10-feet long wood planks measuring 2 x 4 in size
• wood planks to screed the concrete
• a panel of 1/4-inch thick plywood
• 1 x 4 size wood stakes
• nylon string for levelling
• ready-mix concrete

A Beginner's Guide On How To Pour A Concrete Driveway In Sections

What Are The Steps To Pour A Concrete Driveway In Sections?

Step #1: Building The Concrete Forms

The first step is to build the concrete forms by placing wood stakes in the ground every 3 feet along the outer edge of the driveway. The top of the stake needs to be a minimum of 6 inches above the ground. Ensure they are level by tying the string around the stakes at 4 inches following any curves or contours in the surface slopes. Curve the stakes on each side where the driveway meets the road to ensure easier surface exit and entry. Click here to get information on driveways permit requirement.

A Beginner's Guide On How To Pour A Concrete Driveway In Sections

Next, cut the plywood panel lengthwise in half and curve it for each part of the entry section. Nail the panel to the stakes and set it to the ground inside the line formed with the string and wood stakes. Nail the panel to the stakes and apply motor oil to the boards at the point where they will meet the ready-mix concrete. The application of motor oil ensures an easier removal of the board after the concrete has set.

Step #2: Marking The Sections

Working from the garage to the road, mark the first 10 feet with a 2 x 4 plank measuring the same width as the driveway. Fit the plank between parallel boards along the driveway sides to ensure the cross board rests at a 90-degree angle. Check the panel is level using a carpenter’s level. It is important that the cross board is not nailed into place as you will need to remove this board to mark the following sections. Drill two holes on each side of the board near the top measuring 1 inch in diameter. Apply motor oil so it can be removed easily later on. Add reinforcement bars at each 3-foot mark rising on stones or bricks approximately 2 inches above the driveway surface.

A Beginner's Guide On How To Pour A Concrete Driveway In Sections

Step #3: Pouring The Concrete

With some assistance, pour the concrete while levelling it with the 10-foot plank moving in alternating angles. Scoop out any excess concrete and move the excess to the following section. Complete the section using a bull float to remove any bubbles, as well as a trowel to make the surface ridged for increased traction.

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